Structure and function of the genital system

The genital system is different in men and women. In women, it consists of the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the uterus and the vagina (Fig. 1). In men, it consists of the testicles, the epididymis, the vas deferens, the seminal vesicles, the prostate and the penis (Fig. 2).

These organs are fixed in their anatomically correct position in the lesser pelvis by ligaments and the pelvic floor muscles. The pelvic floor muscles are perforated by the urethra and the rectum as well as by the vagina in women.