In addition to myocardial infarction, cancer is one of the most common causes of death. Every year, 200,000 men are diagnosed with cancers, 40,000 of them prostate cancer. Men should therefore be examined by a urologist once a year from the age of 45 onwards. During this urological check-up, changes in the prostate can be detected and a potential risk of prostate cancer can be detected in good time.
What does urological cancer screening consist of?
The basic prostate examination normally consists of a rectal palpation examination and the determination of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) from a blood sample. Urine and stool tests are also performed. In addition, the urologist uses ultrasound to examine the kidneys, testicles and prostate for changes. However, statutory health insurance covers only the scanning of the prostate and rectum and the examination of the stool for blood.
Our tip: Check your genitals regularly at home by feeling them. In the case of severe, cartilage-like hardening, which you have never noticed before, you should consult a urologist.